Non-recyclable wastes for energy recovery
Since the last posting we have signed a contract with AVR in Rotterdam for the export of non-recyclable wastes for energy recovery. We have chosen this partner as the AVR plant in Rotterdam is a R1 facility, this means that it is >70% thermally efficient, the highest efficiency standard possible.
As of December 2011 we will be baling, wrapping and exporting all non-recyclable wastes to AVR in Rotterdam for energy recovery. Whilst this may seem non commercial, though it is only 70km from Thirsk to Rotterdam by Road as we are located near to Teesport and the AVR facility is within the Rotterdam port facility. The AVR plant is a huge plant recovering a staggering 1.2M tonnes per annum or 4,000 tonnes per day of waste.
All wastes will continue to be processed at Thirsk where all metals, organics, paper, cardboard and plastics will be removed from the input wastes, though instead of the residual non-recyclable element being sent to landfill, we will bale and wrap this waste. Once wrapped the bales will be loaded onto P&O trailers and then taken to the daily sea crossing.
Prior to the movement of any baled wastes to The Netherlands, we will have the Transfrontier Shipment Notification (TSF) in place. The TSF is a license issued by the Environment Agency in the UK and the corresponding authorities in The Netherlands to ensure each movement of waste is pre-notified to both the UK and Dutch authorities. We as the exporters are held responsible for this waste until AVR have supplied evidence that the consignment has been energy recovered. The TSF document is essentially a more complex waste transfer note.
The benefits of using AVR for the final disposal are two fold. This plant has been in operation for 30 years and as a R1 grade facility means that it operates to the highest environmental standard possible. Energy from waste is a mature industry in The Netherlands and as it constisites diversion from landfill, the price for disposal going forward will no longer be subject to increases in Uk landfill tax. Secondly as the plant operates to the highest environmental standards, after the production of electricity, even the spare steam and hot water are used to provide district heating to homes, hospital and industrial applications in the hinterland of the site. This is energy recovery in best practice.
We will be posting much more infromation on our new partner in subsequent postings, though if you have any questions in the meanwhile please do not hesiate to contact us.
Whilst AD is a proven technology platform in Europe, the common failure that is encountered stems from the inconsistency of feedstock. As we are endeavouring to run a plant from a waste product this produces the central challenge to produce a consistent output from an inconsistent waste input.
To assess the quality of feedstock needed and the sensitivities of an AD plant we have run a 3 month trial during which we operated a small scale plant to test all the parameters of our input organic wastes, gas production, balancing and output substrates. As we have extensively tested all of the input and output parameters and are confident to be able to specify a plant, knowing exactly what the input organic wastes will do. We have now given the analytical data to a number of European manufacturers who are to specify the plant to our exact requirements.
Refuse Derived Fuel (RDF), Climafuel, SRF
Since our last post of Spring 2010, there have again been a number of false dawns in the outlets for processed RDF wastes. For once a number of us in waste industry are in a position where we are producing a regularised RDF fuel, thought there are not sufficient UK outlets to use the material, this position is not likely to change within the next four years.
Consistent with AD, if we look to Europe, the RDF fuel is widely accepted and has been used in energy recovery and power production for the last decade.
As RDF is so widely accepted, we are exploring the export of the regularised RDF fuel to a number of plants where there is an under supply from their local market. We are now working with partners to put together a package to deliver the RDF directly to the end user by Coasters.
In order to present the RDF for export, it will have to be baled and wrapped. Though this has the benefit of making the RDF a more manageable and uniform unit for transportation and handling.
The images here show the presentation and transportation of the RDF which is already undertaken internally within Europe. As the transportation is principally by sea, the carbon footprint is very low and significantly greener than the present method to road transport and landfill disposal.